As the seagrass leaves remain underwater, the primary source of leaf microbes is considered to be seawater heterotrophic bacterioplankton, which possess the ability to degrade biopolymers and are known to attach to surface and form biofilms. In this study, 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing was used to assess bacterial diversity and dynamics of the particle associated (PA) and free-living (FL) fraction of the seagrass-covering seawater (inside) and bulk seawater (outside) among different seagrass bed around Japan. Samples were collected from the three Zostera marinabeds (Ikuno-shima Is., Hiroshima; Nanao Bay, Ishikawa; Mutsu Bay, Aomori Prefecture) around Japan during summer (June-August 2015; July 2016). Prokaryotic DNA was extracted from samples using a FastDNA spin kit according to the manufacturer’s protocol. After extracting DNA, 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) genes were sequenced by Illumina Miseq platform. The Results showed that PA bacterial communities had a higher (p <0.001) diversity than FL ones. Compared to the outside of the seagrass bed, the inside had lower diversity both in PA and FL fraction. Taxonomic analysis revealed a different community composition between lifestyle (PA vs FL) and sampling point (inside vs outside). Differential abundance analysis showed that PA were significantly enriched in a diversity of Cyanobacteria (Synechococcaceae), Saprospiraceae and Hyphomonadaceae. Conversely, FL were more abundant in Gammaproteobacteria (including Halomonadaceae, Alteromonadaceae), Microbacteriaceae, Campylobacteraceae, Pelagibacteraceae,Acidimicrobiia(OCS155). The present data provide a comprehensive description of the PA and FL microbial community in the seagrass bed and can be useful for better understanding the seagrass microbe interactions.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

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