Global warming has changed the range of tick species and the tick borne diseases (TBDs) they carry; there is an increasing need to assess the risk and impact of TBDs. This study focused on TBDs of Dogs in Nigeria, where despite a large burden of ticks and TBDs there is little data on the prevalence of either for veterinarians and human health professionals to make informed decisions regarding treatment and control.

Most existing studies on cattle have indicated that Anaplasma, Babesia, Theileria, Ehrlichia, Hepatozoon and Candidatus Neoehrlichia species are present in Nigeria. However, dogs kept in much closer contact with their owners, may represent a higher risk of zoonotic TBDs transmission. This study used a combination of morphological and molecular identification of ticks and tick borne pathogens, and IDEXX 4Dx kits for pathogen antibody detection from canine blood, we examined 93 dogs to date.

Rhipicephalus sanguineus was the most abundant tick found on Nigerian dogs. Babesia species were the most abundant tick borne pathogen, followed by species. This study serves as the first report of like species, , , and in Nigerian dogs. There was no evidence of Borrelia Burgdorferi sensu lato nor Dirofilaria species in Nigerian dogs. The presence of and is a direct public threat. Further testing of additional 200 dog samples and multivariate modelling of demographic risk factors, will enable us develop treatment and control guidelines for TBDs for Nigerian Veterinarians and Dog owners.


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