1887

Abstract

Enterohaemorrhagic (EHEC) are an important cause of diarrhoeal and renal disease in man. Studies of a single prototypic O157 : H7 strain have shown tropism for follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) of distal ileal Peyer's patches without colonization of either small or large intestine. This study determined tropism in a range of Shiga toxin (Stx)-negative EHEC strains and looked for factors that might induce colonic colonization using human intestinal organ culture (IVOC). An FAE-restricted colonization was confirmed in two strains; four strains additionally colonized ileal villous surfaces, and adhesion to proximal small intestinal FAE was observed. All strains showed minimal adhesion to non-FAE regions of proximal small intestinal and to the transverse colon. Extensive large-bowel IVOC studies using three O157 : H7 strains, an O26 : H11 and an O103 : H2 strain, and tissue from caecum to rectum found colonization and attaching/effacing lesion formation in only 4 of 113 (3.5 %) IVOCs. Colonic adhesion was not enhanced by altering the IVOC technique or environment. Co-incubation of O157 : H7-infected ileal FAE with colonic samples enhanced colonic colonization, producing a novel, non-intimate adhesive phenotype. Thus, in the initial stages of colonization Stx-negative EHEC preferentially infect FAE and villi of the terminal ileal region ; colonic colonization is infrequently observed as an initial event but may represent a subsequent stage of infection.

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2007-03-01
2020-08-14
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