Summary: is able to persist during feast and famine in many different environments including soil, water, plants, animals and humans. The alternative sigma factor encoded by the gene is known to be important for survival under stressful conditions in several other bacterial species. To determine if the RpoS protein plays a similar role in stationary-phase-mediated resistance, an mutant was constructed and survival during exposure to hydrogen peroxide, high temperature, hyperosmolarity, low pH and ethanol was investigated. Disruption of the gene resulted in two- to threefold increase in the rate of kill of stationary-phase cells. The mutant also survived less well than the parental strain during the initial phas of carbon or phosphate-carbon starvation. However, after 25 d starvation the remaining population of culturable cells was not significantly different. Stationary-phase cells of the RpoS-negative strain were much more stress resistant than exponentially growing RpoS-positive cells, suggesting that factors other than the RpoS protein must be associated with stationary-phase stress tolerance in Comparison of two-dimensional PAGE of the mutant and the parental strain showed four major modifications of protein patterns associated with the mutation.


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