The hydrolysis of soluble starch, raw starch and pullulan with recombinant glucoamylase P from was competitively inhibited by β-cyclodextrin with apparent values of 190 μM, 13 μM and 1.4 μM, respectively. Inhibition of dextran hydrolysis was partial: a maximum inhibition of 22% was achieved with a dextran concentration of 0.3 × and up to 4 mM β-cyclodextrin. Hydrolysis of short oligosaccharides was not inhibited by β-cyclodextrin at levels up to 20 mM. The enzyme bound to raw starch at pH 4.3 and 4 °C with an association constant of 3.4 × 10M. Sequence alignment studies showed raw-starch-binding consensus amino acids in the C-terminal part of glucoamylase P. Partial hydrolysis with papain resulted in degradation of deglycosylated glucoamylase P into three fragments of 53, 51 and 14 kDa, respectively, as estimated by SDS-PAGE. The amino-terminal sequences of the 51 and 53 kDa fragments were identical with that of native glucoamylase P. The amino terminus of the 14 kDa fragment (Ser-Ser-X-Gln-Val-Ser-), corresponded to the sequence starting at residue 474 of intact glucoamylase P. Kinetic measurements of truncated glucoamylase P showed changes in the values of larger polysaccharides, but no changes in values compared to the intact enzyme. It was concluded that glucoamylase P contains a catalytic core domain and a raw-starch-binding domain involved in inhibition of polysaccharide hydrolysis by β-cyclodextrin.


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