The phenotypic characteristics of four strains isolated from the rhizosphere and the clinical environment were compared. Tests included optimum growth temperature, utilization of carbon sources, production of HCN, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and siderophores, proteolytic activity, nitrogen fixation, inhibition of some phytopathogenic fungi, adherence to human mucosal and plant root epithelia, and greenhouse-based plant-growth promotion experiments using cucumber (). Results indicated that the strains of isolated from the rhizosphere differ markedly from their clinical counterparts. Strains isolated from the rhizosphere grew over a wider temperature range, fixed nitrogen and produced IAA, did not produce proteases, displayed a wider antibiosis against the phytopathogenic fungi studied, did not adhere to human uroepithelial cells, promoted growth of and only produced a hydroxamate-like siderophore. In contrast, clinical isolates could not fix nitrogen or produce IAA, produced proteases, adhered to human uroepithelial cells, did not promote the growth of and, in addition to a hydroxamate-like siderophore, produced pyochelin and salicylate siderophores. All four isolates exhibited the ability to adhere to the root tissue of and were unable to produce HCN.


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