1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: Four morphologically different types of the bifid bacteria can be distinguished, and a classification of these bacteria on morphological basis agrees rather well with earlier groupings based on biochemical and serological characteristics. Morphological features may thus have a taxonomic value as regards the bifid bacteria. A comparison of the morphological characteristics of the bifid bacteria with those of representatives of the genera and revealed that three out of four morphological subtypes showed closest resemblance to the genus whereas the fourth subtype (the one referred to in the literature as var. ) may be related to Thus, the designation for these bifid bacteria seems clearly wrong.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-21-2-371
1959-10-01
2021-07-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/21/2/mic-21-2-371.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-21-2-371&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Barker H. A., Haas V. 1944; Butyribaeteiium, a new genus of Grampositive, non-sporulating anaerobic bacteria of intestinal origin. J. Bact 47:801
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 1957, 7th ed. Breed R. S., Murray E. D. G., Smith N. R. Edited by London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox;
  3. Chance H. L. 1953; A bacterial cell wall stain. Stain Technol 28:205
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Davis C. H. G., Bisset K. A., Hale C. M. F. 1955; Correlation between morphological and physiological characters in the classification of members of the genus Lactobacillus . J. gen. Microbiol 13:68
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Dehnert J. 1957; Untersuchung über die gram-positive Stuhlflora des Brust-milchkindes. Zbl. Bakt. (I. Orig.) 169:66
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Douglas H. C., Gunter S. E. 1946; The taxonomic position of Corynebacterium acnes . J. Bact 52:15
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Erickson D., Porteous J. W. 1955; Commensalism in pathogenic anaerobic actinomyces cultures. J. gen. Microbiol 13:261
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Frank H. A., Skinner C. E. 1954; The relationship between Actinomyces bovisand Lactobacillus bifidus . Mycologia 46:728
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Gyllenberg H. 1955; The development of the ‘straight rod type’ of Lactobacillus bifidus . J. gen. Microbiol 13:394
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gyllenberg H. 1958; Specific contaminants in cultures of Lactobacillus bifidus . Acta path, microbiol. scand 44:293
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Gyllenberg H., Carlberg C. 1958a; The dominance of a specific nutritional type of Lactobacillus bifidus in breast-fed infants. Acta path. microbiol. scand 42:380
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Gyllenberg H., Carlberg C. 1958b; The nutritional characteristics of the bifid bacteria (Lactobacillus bifidus) on infants. Acta path. microbiol. scand 44:287
    [Google Scholar]
  13. György P., Norris R. F., Rose C. S. 1954; Bifidus factor I: A variant of Ladobacillus bifidus requiring a special growth factor. Arch. Biochem. Biophys 48:193
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hale C. M. F. 1953; The use of phosphomolybdic acid in the mordanting of bacterial cell walls. Lab. Practice 2:115
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hayward A. C., Hale C. M. F., Bisset K. A. 1955; The morphology and relationships of ‘Lactobacillus’ bifidus . J. gen. Microbiol 13:292
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Howell A. Jr Pine L. 1956; Studies on the growth of species of Actinomyces. I. Cultivation in a synthetic medium with starch. J. Bact 71:47
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Negroni P., Fischer I. 1944; Estudio sobre el Lactobacillus bifidus (Tissier) Kulp y Rettger. Rev. inst. baderiol. Carlos G. Malbrán 12:276
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Niel C. B. van. 1928 The Propionic Acid Bacteria Haarlem: Boissevain;
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Olsen E. 1949 Studies on the Intestinal Flora of Infants Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaard;
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Petuely F. 1956; Ein einfacher vollsynthetischer Selektivnährboden für den Lactobacillus bifidus. Zbl. Bakt. (I Orig.) 166:95
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Petuely F. 1957 Biochemische Untersuchungen zur Regulation der Dickdarmflora des Säuglings (Über den Bifidusfaktor) Wien: Verlag. Notring der wissenschaftlichen Verbände Österreichs;
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Petuely F., Eichler F. 1954; Beeinflussung der Wuchsformen des Lactobacillus bifidus . Zschr für Naturforschung 9b:229
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Prévot A. -R. 1938; Études de systématique bactéienne. III. Invalidité du genre Baderoidcs Castellaniet Chalmers; démembrement et reclassification. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 60:285
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Puntoni V. 1937; Sulle relazioni fra il B. bifido e gli attinomiceti anaerobi tipo Wolff-Israel. Ann. Igiene 47157 Frank, Skinner. Ref 1954
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Robinow C. F. 1046 In Dubosi The Bacterial Cell Addendum p. 372 Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Robinow C. F., Murray R. G. E. 1953; The differentiation of cell wall, cytoplasmic membrane and cytoplasm of Gram-positive bacteria by selective staining. Exp. Cell Res 4:390
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Slack J. M., Spears R. G., Snodgrass W. G., Kuchler R. J. 1955; Studies with microaerophilicactinomycetes. II. Serological groups as determined by the reciprocal agglutinin adsorption technique. J. Bact 70:400
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Sundman V. 1958; Morphological comparison of some Arthrobacter species. Canad. J. Microbiol 4:221
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Sundman V., af Björksten K. 1958; The globular involution forms of the bifid bacteria. J. gen. Microbiol 19:491
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Webb R. B. 1954; A useful bacterial cell wall stain. J. Bact 67:252
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Wheater D. M. 1955; The characteristics of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus . J. gen. Microbiol 12:123
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-21-2-371
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-21-2-371
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error