SUMMARY: Four morphologically different types of the bifid bacteria can be distinguished, and a classification of these bacteria on morphological basis agrees rather well with earlier groupings based on biochemical and serological characteristics. Morphological features may thus have a taxonomic value as regards the bifid bacteria. A comparison of the morphological characteristics of the bifid bacteria with those of representatives of the genera and revealed that three out of four morphological subtypes showed closest resemblance to the genus whereas the fourth subtype (the one referred to in the literature as var. ) may be related to . Thus, the designation for these bifid bacteria seems clearly wrong.


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