SUMMARY: The production of two haemolysins, thermostable direct haemolysin (Vp-TDH) and a Vp-TDH-related haemolysin (Vp-TRH), by clinical isolates of has previously been reported. Here we describe a third type of haemolysin (named Vp-TDH/I), which is produced by a clinical isolate (strain TH012) that is Kanagawa phenomenon negative. Vp-TDH/I was purified by a series of column chromatographies on DEAE-Sephadex A25, hydroxyapatite, Sepharose 4B and Mono Q. By physicochemical, biological and immunological analyses, Vp-TDH/I was demonstrated to be similar, but not identical, to Vp-TDH and Vp-TRH. The gene encoding Vp-TDH/I was cloned and the deduced amino acid sequence of Vp-TDH/I confirmed that Vp-TDH/I has a sequence different from those of previously known Vp-TDH and Vp-TRH. Not only purified Vp-TDH/I but also live cells of the Vp-TDH/I-producing strain induced fluid accumulation in ligated rabbit intestine. We conclude that this clinical isolate produces a new type of Vp-TDH-related haemolysin, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of this organism.


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