1887

Abstract

The course of protein degradation during growth of a [C]leucine-labelled population of with a surplus of the non-radioactive amino acid indicated the presence of a labile protein fraction decaying with a half-life of less than 1 h. The half-life of the remaining ‘stable’ fraction was much longer (40 h or more). A nutrient shift-down increased, and a shift-up decreased the relative size of the labile fraction and the rate of degradation of the ‘stable’ fraction. When bacteria were prelabelled in the presence of ethionine, both the size of the labile fraction and the rate of degradation of the ‘stable’ fraction were increased. A shift-up in temperature caused a large increase in the size of the labile fraction while the rate of degradation of ‘stable’ proteins increased only slightly. The rate of degradation of the labile fraction was not changed significantly by any treatment. The results suggest that the main target of regulation of protein turnover by environmental conditions is the relative size of the labile protein fraction.

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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-128-5-1003
1982-05-01
2021-10-24
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