1887

Abstract

Recently, a clone with low susceptibility to quinolones emerged in paediatric patients in Japan. Isolates of this clone survived for a long time when exposed to the therapeutic concentration of quinolones, despite being classified as ‘susceptible’ under the criteria of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. In the present study, we report the first outbreak of this clone in paediatric patients in 2018.

Our aim was to characterise the first outbreak of an clone with low susceptibility to quinolones.

All isolates (=62), collected at a Japanese teaching hospital in 2018, were characterized by both antimicrobial susceptibility tests and multilocus sequence typing. In addition, the similarity in genetic backgrounds was analysed by PFGE.

Among all the isolates (=62), quinolone low-susceptible isolates accounted for 19.4 % (=12). Seven out of 12 isolates were identified as sequence type 422 (ST422) and showed more than 90 % similarity to each other by PFGE analysis. All ST422 isolates exhibited identical amino acid substitutions in both quinolone resistance-determining regions in GyrA and ParC. In addition, all these isolates were from paediatric patients who had been referred by different primary care clinics and had no relationship to each other.

In this study, we describe an outbreak of a quinolone low-susceptible ST422 clone in paediatric patients in Japan. Because ST422 isolates have already been reported in at least five other countries, it has the potential to spread worldwide.

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/content/journal/jmm/10.1099/jmm.0.001154
2020-01-21
2020-02-28
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