1887

Abstract

CXCR4 functions as an infection receptor of X4 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) . CXCR4 is glycosylated at the N-terminal extracellular region, which is important for viral envelope (Env) protein binding. We compared the effects of CXCR4 glycan on the CD4-dependent and –independent infections in human cells by X4 viruses. We found that transduction mediated by Env proteins of CD4-independent HIV-1 strains increased up to 5.5-fold in cells expressing unglycosylated CXCR4, suggesting that the CXCR4 glycan inhibits CD4-independent X4 virus infection. Co-expression of CD4 on the target cell surface or pre-incubation of virus particles with soluble CD4 abrogates the glycan-mediated inhibition of X4 virus infection, suggesting that interaction of Env protein with CD4 counteracts the inhibition. These findings indicate that it will be advantageous for X4 HIV-1 to remain CD4-dependent. A structural model that explains the glycan-mediated inhibition is discussed.

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2007-11-01
2021-02-28
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