1887

Abstract

It was previously shown that, unlike the type member of the genus (TMV U1), a crucifer-infecting tobamovirus (crTMV) contains a 148 nt internal ribosome entry site (IRES) upstream of the coat protein (CP) gene. Here, viral vectors with substitutions in the stem–loop (SL) region of CP subgenomic promoters (TMV U1-CP–GFP/SL-mut and crTMV-CP–GFP/SL-mut) were constructed and the levels of CP synthesis in agroinoculation experiments were compared. No CP–GFP (green fluorescent protein) synthesis was detected in leaves inoculated with TMV U1-CP–GFP/SL-mut, whereas a small amount of CP–GFP synthesis was obtained in crTMV-CP–GFP/SL-mut-injected leaves. Northern blots proved that both promoters were inactive. It could be hypothesized that IRES-mediated early production of the CP by crTMV is needed for realization of its crucifer-infecting capacity.

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2006-09-01
2021-08-01
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