1887

Abstract

Triatoma virus (TrV) belongs to a new family of RNA viruses known as . Nucleotide sequence comparisons between different dicistroviruses allowed two putative internal ribosomal entry sites (IRESs) in the TrV RNA to be defined: the 5′UTR IRES of 548 nt and the intergenic region (IGR) IRES of 172 nt. Using monocistronic and bicistronic RNAs, it was shown that the TrV genome contains two functional IRESs that mediate translation initiation in a cap-independent manner. In addition, it was found that the two TrV IRESs were able to direct efficient translation of reporter genes in microinjected oocytes, suggesting minimum requirements for host factors. The IGR IRES begins with a non-canonical CUC; however, mutations of this triplet to AUG or CCU did not impair IRES function, indicating that the CUC is not essential for the initiation process. Furthermore, translation efficiency from two TrV IRESs was differentially modulated by IFN- and viral infection.

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2005-08-01
2019-11-21
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