1887

Abstract

Nuclear export of unspliced and incompletely spliced human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mRNA is mediated by the viral Rev protein. Rev binds to a structured RNA motif known as the Rev-response element (RRE), which is present in all Rev-dependent transcripts, and thereby promotes entry of the ribonucleoprotein complex into the nuclear-export pathway. Recent evidence indicates that a dimerization interface and a genetically separable ‘trimerization’ interface are required for multimeric assembly of Rev on the RRE. In this report, the effect of mutations within the trimerization interface on Rev function was examined in mammalian cells. All trimerization-defective Rev molecules had profoundly compromised Rev function and a range of localization defects was observed. However, despite the potential for formation of heterodimers between functional and non-functional Rev proteins, trimerization-defective Rev mutants were unable to inhibit wild-type Rev function in a -dominant-negative manner.

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2005-05-01
2020-01-21
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vol. , part 5, pp. 1509 – 1513

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