1887

Abstract

Fowlpox virus (FWPV) is found worldwide in poultry and wild birds. FWPV is a natural example of recombination between viruses, as reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) fragments have been found in all poultry FWPVs and these are implicated in virulence alteration. We aimed to determine the commonality of this phenomenon and analysed FWPVs collected from 128 poultry flocks and birds over the last 10 years. Various fragments of both viruses were amplified and sequenced at the FWPV integration site, located between FWPV open reading frames 201 and 203. Seven isolates were found to contain no REV insertions, including fragments of the REV , and 5′ REV-long terminal repeat (LTR). We demonstrate here for the first time, the existence of poultry FWPVs without REV inserts (two from chickens, one from turkey FWPV and four from wild birds). The REV inserts were heterogeneous in size. In addition to poultry and wild bird isolates, three FWPV vaccine virus strains were examined and found to contain only remnant REV-LTR and no REV envelope gene fragments.

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2008-10-01
2020-01-25
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