1887

Abstract

Replication and assembly of viruses from the family are thought to take place in discrete cytoplasmic inclusion bodies, commonly called viral factories or viroplasms. Rice black streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) P9-1, a non-structural protein, has been confirmed to accumulate in these intracellular viroplasms in infected plants and insects. However, little is known about its exact function. In this study, P9-1 of RBSDV-Baoding was expressed in as a His-tagged fusion protein and analysed using biochemical and biophysical techniques. Mass spectrometry and circular dichroism spectroscopy studies showed that P9-1 was a thermostable, -helical protein with a molecular mass of 41.804 kDa. A combination of gel-filtration chromatography, chemical cross-linking and a yeast two-hybrid assay was used to demonstrate that P9-1 had the intrinsic ability to self-interact and form homodimers and . Furthermore, when transiently expressed in protoplasts, P9-1 formed large, discrete viroplasm-like structures in the absence of infection or other RBSDV proteins. Taken together, these results suggest that P9-1 is the minimal viral component required for viroplasm formation and that it plays an important role in the early stages of the virus life cycle by forming intracellular viroplasms that serve as the sites of virus replication and assembly.

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2008-07-01
2019-11-22
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