1887

Abstract

Non-structural protein 1 (nsp1), the N-terminal subunit of the replicase polyprotein of the arterivirus (EAV), is essential for viral subgenomic mRNA synthesis, but fully dispensable for genome replication. However, at the molecular level, the role of nsp1 in EAV subgenomic mRNA synthesis is poorly understood. A yeast two-hybrid screen did not reveal interactions between EAV nsp1 and other viral non-structural proteins or the nucleocapsid protein, although both nsp1 and the nucleocapsid protein were found to form homomers. Subsequently, a yeast two-hybrid screen of a HeLa cell cDNA library was performed using nsp1 as bait. Remarkably, this analysis revealed (potential) interactions between EAV nsp1 and factors that are involved in host cell transcriptional regulation. The interaction of nsp1 with one of these proteins, p100, a transcription co-activator that also interacts with regulatory proteins of other viruses, was confirmed by mutual co-immunoprecipitation from lysates of EAV-susceptible mammalian cells.

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2003-09-01
2020-07-10
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