1887

Abstract

A cytopathic agent was isolated using Vero cells from the culture medium of HeLa cells that had been used for more than 30 years in our laboratory. This agent, termed U-1 strain, was serially passed in Vero cells with distinct CPE. Particles of U-1 strain negatively stained with phosphotungstic acid exhibited a distinct surface that resembled Aichi virus. The RNA genome of U-1 strain comprises 8374 nt, with a genome organization analogous to that of picornaviruses. Possible cleavage sites of the large ORF, which encoded a leader protein prior to the capsid protein region, were assigned following amino acid alignment with Aichi virus. The virus sequence had 33 and 75 % amino acid identity with the Aichi virus VP1 and 3D regions, respectively, but no more than 23 and 36 % with those of the prototype strains of other . The dendrogram based on the P1, P2 and P3 proteins indicated that U-1 strain is genetically included in the genus but is distinct from Aichi virus. Of 72 cattle sera, 43 (59·7 %) were positive for neutralizing antibody against U-1 strain at a titre of 1 : 8 or more. However, sera from 190 humans, 242 monkeys, 139 pigs, 5 horses, 22 dogs and 9 cats did not neutralize U-1 strain at a 1 : 4 dilution. RNA corresponding to U-1 strain was detected in 12 (16·7 %) of 72 faecal samples from cattle by RT-PCR. These results indicated that U-1 strain, suspected to be a contaminant from calf sera, is a new species of the genus , now termed bovine kobuvirus.

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2003-11-01
2019-10-16
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