1887

Abstract

Among randomly mutagenized clones derived from an infectious cDNA copy of genomic RNA of (ASGV), we previously identified a clone, pRM21, whose transcript (ASGV-RM21) does not induce any symptoms characteristic of the original (wild-type) cDNA clone (ASGV-wt) in several host plants. Interestingly, ASGV-RM21 has only a single, translationally silent nucleotide substitution, U to C, at nucleotide 4646 of the viral genome within open reading frame (ORF) 1. Here, we characterize and verify this unprecedented silent-mutation-induced attenuation of symptoms in infected plants. Northern and Western blot analyses showed that less ASGV-RM21 accumulates in host plants than ASGV-wt. In addition, two more silent substitutions, U to A and U to G, constructed by site-directed mutagenesis at the same nucleotide (4646), also induced attenuated symptoms. This is the first report that a single silent substitution attenuates virus-infection symptoms and implicates a novel determinant of disease symptom severity.

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2003-09-01
2020-07-10
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