The multifunctional Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) latent protein latency-associated nuclear antigen 2 (LANA2) has a critical role in KSHV-induced B-cell malignancies. LANA2 increases the level of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)2-ubiquitin-modified PML and induces the disruption of PML oncogenic domains (PODs) by a process that requires a non-covalent SUMO interaction domain (SIM) in LANA2. We now demonstrate that LANA2 is covalently conjugated to SUMO1 and SUMO2 both and in latently KSHV-infected B-cells. We show that a LANA2 SIM mutant exhibits a slightly altered sumoylation pattern, which suggests that non-covalent SUMO interactions represent a mechanism for determining SUMO substrate recognition and modification. In addition, several lysine residues were mapped as SUMO conjugation sites. A sumoylation-deficient mutant shows impaired ability to induce disruption of PODs, which suggests that either directly bound or covalently conjugated SUMO moieties may act as a bridge for interaction between LANA2 and other SUMO-modified or SUMO-interacting proteins required for disruption of PODs.


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vol. , part 1, pp. 188–194.

Modification of PML by SUMO1 SUMO interaction domain contributes to SUMOylation in LANA2 LANA2 protein stability is unaffected by SUMOylation SUMO conjugation to LANA2 contributes to the degradation of haemagglutinin–PML Putative SUMO-binding domains for LANA2 Oligonucleotides for LANA2 mutagenesis

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