1887

Abstract

(SPMMV) is the type member of the genus (family ). SPMMV occurs in cultivated sweetpotatoes ( Lam.; Convolvulaceae) in East Africa, but its natural wild hosts are unknown. In this study, SPMMV was detected in 283 (9.8 %) of the 2864 wild plants (family Convolvulaceae) sampled from different agro-ecological zones of Uganda. The infected plants belonged to 21 species that were previously not known to be natural hosts of SPMMV. The size of the SPMMV coat protein (CP) was determined by Western blot analysis, N-terminal protein sequencing and peptide mass fingerprinting. Data implicated a proteolytic cleavage site, VYVEPH/A, at the NIb/CP junction, resulting in a CP of approximately 35 kDa. Nearly complete sequences of 13 SPMMV isolates were characterized. Phylogenetic analysis of non-recombinant CP-encoding sequences placed five isolates from wild species sampled in the central zone of Uganda into a separate cluster. Recombination events were detected in the 5′- and 3′-proximal parts of the genome, providing novel evidence of recombination in the genus . Thirteen amino acids in the N terminus of the P1 protein were under positive selection, whereas purifying selection was implicated for the HC-Pro-, P3-, 6K1- and CP-encoding regions. These data, supported by previous studies on ipomoviruses, provide indications of an evolutionary process in which the P1 proteinase responds to the needs of adaptation.

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2010-04-01
2019-11-19
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and References.

Transitions and transversions of SPMMV sequences plotted against Kimura two-parameter genetic distance.

Percentage nucleotide and amino acid sequence identities in the coat protein (CP)-encoding region and 5′-UTR of SPMMV.

Percentage nucleotide (upper diagonal) and amino acid (lower diagonal) identities of the P1, HC-Pro, P3 and 6K1 regions among isolates of SPMMV.

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