Members of the family produce enveloped virions with three single-stranded RNA segments comprising 17.1 to 22.8 kb in total. These viruses are maintained in arthropods and transmitted by ticks to mammals or birds. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus is tick-borne and is endemic in most of Asia, Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe whereas Nairobi sheep disease virus, which is also tick-borne, causes lethal haemorrhagic gastroenteritis in small ruminants in Africa and India. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family , which is available at ictv.global/report/nairoviridae.

This study was supported by the:
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (Award HHSN272201800013C)
    • Principle Award Recipient: Jens H. Kuhn
  • Wellcome Trust (Award WT108418AIA)
    • Principle Award Recipient: ICTV Consortium
  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

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