1887

Abstract

virus (PPRV) haemagglutinin (H) protein mediates binding to cellular receptors and then initiates virus entry. To identify the key residues of PPRV H (Hv) protein of the Nigeria 75/1 strain involved in binding to receptors, interaction of the Hv and mutated Hv (mHv) proteins with receptors (SLAM and Nectin 4) and their mutants (mSLAM1, mSLAM2, mSLAM3 and mNectin 4) was investigated using surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) and coimmunoprecipitation (co-IP) assays. The results showed that the Hv protein failed to interact with mSLAM3, but interacted at a strong or medium intensity with SLAM, mSLAM2, Nectin 4 and mNectin 4, and at a low level with mSLAM1. The mHv protein was unable to interact with SLAM and its mutants, but bound to Nectin 4 and mNectin 4 with medium and weak intensity, respectively. Further analysis showed that the Hv protein could precipitate mSLAM1, mSLAM2 and mNectin 4, but not mSLAM3. The mHv protein failed to coprecipitate with SLAM and its mutants. The binding activities of mNectin 4 and Nectin 4 to mHv were less than 30.36 and 51.94 % of the wild-type levels, respectively. Based on the results obtained, amino acids at positions R389, L464, I498, R503, R533, Y541, Y543, F552 and Y553 of H protein and I61, H62, L64, K76, K78, E123, H130, I210, A211, S226 and R227 in SLAM were identified to be essential for the specificity of H–SLAM interaction, while the critical residues of H–Nectin 4 interaction require further study. These findings would improve our understanding of the invasive mechanisms of PPRV.

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2019-12-20
2020-01-27
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