1887

Abstract

White bream virus (WBV), a poorly characterized plus-strand RNA virus infecting freshwater fish of the Cyprinidae family, is the prototype species of the genus Bafinivirus in the subfamily Torovirinae (family Coronaviridae, order Nidovirales). In common with other nidoviruses featuring >20 kilobase genomes, bafiniviruses have been predicted to encode an exoribonuclease (ExoN) in their replicase gene. Here, we used information on the substrate specificity of bafinivirus 3C-like proteases to express WBV ExoN in an active form in Escherichia coli. The 374-residue protein displayed robust 3′-to-5′ exoribonuclease activity in the presence of Mg ions and, unlike its coronavirus homologues, did not require a protein cofactor for activity. Characterization of mutant forms of ExoN provided support for predictions on putative active-site and conserved zinc-binding residues. WBV ExoN was revealed to be most active on double-stranded RNA substrates containing one or two non-paired 3′-terminal nucleotides, supporting its presumed role in increasing the fidelity of the bafinivirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.

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2018-07-30
2019-09-23
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