1887

Abstract

We investigated naturally occurring variation within the major (L1) and minor (L2) capsid proteins of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype 33. Pseudoviruses (PsV) representing HPV33 lineages A1, A2, A3, B and C exhibited comparable particle-to-infectivity ratios and morphology but demonstrated a decreased sensitivity (A2, A3, B and C) to cross-neutralization by HPV vaccine antibodies compared to the A1 sublineage. Chimeric PsVs demonstrated that these differences in sensitivity were due to polymorphisms in the L1 protein, with little or no influence from variation within the L2 protein. Site-directed mutagenesis of the L1 gene identified the DE loop residue 133 and the FG residue 266 as being critical for conferring this differential sensitivity. The use of HPV33 homology models based upon the HPV16 crystal structure suggested that they are likely to act independently on more than one antibody epitope. These data improve our understanding of the potential impact of natural capsid variation on recognition by vaccine antibodies.

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2017-07-01
2020-12-01
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