1887

Abstract

Hijacking of cellular biosynthetic pathways by human enveloped viruses is a shared molecular event essential for the viral lifecycle. In this study, the accumulating evidence of the importance of human glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in the host secretory pathway led us to hypothesize that this moonlighting enzyme could play a key role in the lifecycle steps of two important Flaviviridae members, hepatitis C virus (HCV) and dengue virus (DENV). We used short interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of human GAPDH in Huh-7.5.1 cells– both pre- and post-HCV infection– to demonstrate that GAPDH is a host factor for HCV infection. siRNA-induced GAPDH knockdown performed pre-HCV infection inhibits HCV core production in infected cells and leads to a decrease in infectivity of the HCV-infected cell supernatants. siRNA-induced GAPDH knockdown performed post-HCV infection does not have an effect on HCV core abundance in infected cells, but does lead to a decrease in infectivity of the HCV-infected cell supernatants. Exogenous expression of V5-tagged human GAPDH, pre- and post-infection, increases the infectivity of HCV-infected cell supernatants, suggesting a role for GAPDH during HCV post-replication steps. Interestingly, siRNA-induced GAPDH knockdown in HCV replicon-harbouring cells had no effect on viral RNA replication. Importantly, we confirmed the important role of GAPDH in the HCV lifecycle using Huh-7-derived stable GAPDH-knockdown clones. Finally, siRNA-induced GAPDH knockdown inhibits intracellular DENV-2 E glycoprotein production in infected cells. Collectively, our findings suggest that the moonlighting enzyme, GAPDH, is an important host factor for HCV infection, and they support its potential role in the DENV lifecycle.

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2017-05-26
2019-10-14
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