1887

Abstract

The mechanism of penetration and uncoating of enveloped animal viruses has recently been the subject of renewed controversy. Electron microscopic studies have led a number of investigators to conclude that penetration takes place by cellular engulfment (viropexis) of intact virus particles (Dales & Choppin, 1962; Mussgay & Weibel, 1962; Dales, 1963; Simpson, Hauser & Dales, 1969). Other investigators have concluded that enveloped animal viruses penetrate by fusion of the virus envelope with the host cell plasma membrane (Morgan & Howe, 1968; Morgan, Rose & Mednis, 1968; Heine & Schnaitman, 1969). We now report on the role of the Sindbis virus envelope in the attachment of virus to host cells.

Friedman & Berezesky (1967) and Sreevalsan & Allen (1968) noted that nucleocapsid components obtained from cytoplasmic extracts of arbovirus-infected cells or by detergent treatment of intact virus particles were non-infective for chicken embryo cells. However, the RNA released from arboviruses by detergent treatment is infective when assayed appropriately (Richter & Wecker, 1963; Nakamura & Eguchi, 1968).

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/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-9-2-159
1970-11-01
2019-11-19
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