The mechanism of penetration and uncoating of enveloped animal viruses has recently been the subject of renewed controversy. Electron microscopic studies have led a number of investigators to conclude that penetration takes place by cellular engulfment (viropexis) of intact virus particles (Dales & Choppin, 1962; Mussgay & Weibel, 1962; Dales, 1963; Simpson, Hauser & Dales, 1969). Other investigators have concluded that enveloped animal viruses penetrate by fusion of the virus envelope with the host cell plasma membrane (Morgan & Howe, 1968; Morgan, Rose & Mednis, 1968; Heine & Schnaitman, 1969). We now report on the role of the Sindbis virus envelope in the attachment of virus to host cells.

Friedman & Berezesky (1967) and Sreevalsan & Allen (1968) noted that nucleocapsid components obtained from cytoplasmic extracts of arbovirus-infected cells or by detergent treatment of intact virus particles were non-infective for chicken embryo cells. However, the RNA released from arboviruses by detergent treatment is infective when assayed appropriately (Richter & Wecker, 1963; Nakamura & Eguchi, 1968).


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error