1887

Abstract

The complete nucleotide sequence of the (BLRV) genomic RNA and the termini of its smallest subgenomic RNAs were determined to better understand its mechanisms of gene expression and replication and its phylogenetic position within the . The number and placement of open reading frames (ORFs) within the BLRV genome was -like. The nucleotide and predicted amino acid sequences of BLRV were most similar to those of (SbDV). Phylogenetic analyses employing the neighbour-joining method and sister-scanning analysis indicated that the BLRV nonstructural proteins were closely related to those of -PAV (BYDV-PAV), a . The region surrounding the frameshift at the junction between ORFs 1 and 2 also contained sequences very similar to those of BYDV-PAV and a , . Similar analyses showed that the structural proteins were most similar to those of the genus. The 3′-noncoding regions downstream of ORF5 contained sequences similar to translational control elements identified in the BYDV-PAV genome. These data suggest that BLRV, like SbDV, is derived either through selection from a common ancestor with BYDV-PAV or that BLRV is the product of two recombination events between luteovirus-like and polerovirus-like ancestors where the 5′ 2900 nt and 3′ 700 nt of the BLRV genome are from a and the intervening sequences are derived from a .

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-83-7-1791
2002-07-01
2019-10-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jgv/83/7/0831791a.html?itemId=/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-83-7-1791&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ashby, J. W. (1984). Bean leaf roll virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses, no. 286.
  2. Ashoub, A., Rohde, W. & Prufer, D. ( 1998; ). In planta transcription of a second subgenomic RNA increases the complexity of the subgroup 2 luteovirus genome. Nucleic Acids Research 26, 420-426.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Casper, R., Meyer, S., Lesemann, D. E., Reddy, D. V. R. & Rajeshwari, R. ( 1983; ). Detection of a luteovirus in groundnut rosette diseased groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoelectron microscopy. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 108, 12-17.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cavileer, T. D. & Berger, P. H. (1994). Bean leaf roll virus coat protein sequence and its comparison with other luteoviruses. GenBank BLU15978.
  5. Chalhoub, B. A. & Lapierre, H. D. ( 1995; ). Importance of RNA recombinations in the evolution of luteoviruses. Agronomie 15, 393-400.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Chalhoub, B. A., Kelly, L., Robaglia, C. & Lapierre, H. D. ( 1994; ). Sequence variability in the genome 3′-terminal region of BYDV for 10 geographically distinct PAV-like isolates of barley yellow dwarf virus – analysis of the ORF6 variation. Archives of Virology 139, 403-416.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Chen, D. & Patton, J. T. ( 2001; ). Reverse transcriptase adds nontemplated nucleotides to cDNAs during 5′-RACE and primer extension. Biotechniques 30, 574–580, 582.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Damsteegt, V. D., Stone, A. L. & Hewings, A. D. ( 1995; ). Soybean dwarf, bean leaf roll and beet western yellows luteoviruses in southeastern US white clover. Plant Disease 79, 48–50.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. D’Arcy, C. J., Martin, R. R. & Torrance, L. ( 1988; ). Monoclonal antisera for detection and diagnosis of luteovirus infections. Phytopathology 78, 1537.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. D’Arcy, C. J., Torrance, L. & Martin, R. R. ( 1989; ). Discrimination among luteoviruses and their strains by monoclonal antibodies and identification of common epitopes. Phytopathology 79, 869-873.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. D’Arcy, C. J., Domier, L. L. & Mayo, M. A. ( 2000; ). Family Luteoviridae. In Virus Taxonomy: Seventh Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses , pp. 775-784. Edited by M. H. V. van Regenmortel, C. M. Fauquet, D. H. L. Bishop, E. B. Carstens, M. K. Estes, S. M. Lemon, J. Maniloff, M. A. Mayo, D. J. McGeoch, C. R. Pringle & R. B. Wickner. San Diego:Academic Press.
  12. Dieffenbach, C. W. & Dveksler, G. A. (1995). PCR Primer: a Laboratory Manual. Plainview, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
  13. Dinesh-Kumar, S. P., Brault, V. & Miller, W. A. ( 1992; ). Precise mapping and in vitro translation of a trifunctional subgenomic RNA of barley yellow dwarf virus. Virology 187, 711-722.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Fuentes, S., Mayo, M. A., Jolly, C. A., Nakano, M., Querci, M. & Salazar, L. F. ( 1996; ). A novel luteovirus from sweet potato, sweet potato leaf speckling virus. Annals of Applied Biology 128, 491-504.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gibbs, M. J. & Cooper, J. I. ( 1995; ). A recombinational event in the history of luteoviruses probably induced by base-pairing between the genomes of two distinct viruses. Virology 206, 1129-1132.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Gibbs, M. J., Armstrong, J. S. & Gibbs, A. J. ( 2000; ). Sister-scanning: a Monte Carlo procedure for assessing signals in recombinant sequences. Bioinformatics 16, 573-582.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Guo, L., Allen, E. M. & Miller, W. A. ( 2001; ). Base-pairing between untranslated regions facilitates translation of uncapped, nonpolyadenylated viral RNA. Molecular Cell 7, 1103-1109.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jacks, T., Madhani, H. D., Masiarz, F. R. & Varmus, H. E. ( 1988; ). Signals for ribosomal frameshifting in the Rous sarcoma virus gagpol region. Cell 55, 447-458.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kelly, L., Gerlach, W. L. & Waterhouse, P. M. ( 1994; ). Characterization of the subgenomic RNAs of an Australian isolate of barley yellow dwarf luteovirus. Virology 202, 565-573.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kim, K. H. & Lommel, S. A. ( 1998; ). Sequence element required for efficient −1 ribosomal frameshifting in red clover necrotic mosaic dianthovirus. Virology 250, 50-59.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Koev, G. & Miller, W. A. ( 2000; ). A positive-strand RNA virus with three very different subgenomic RNA promoters. Journal of Virology 74, 5988-5996.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Koev, G., Mohan, B. R. & Miller, W. A. ( 1999; ). Primary and secondary structural elements required for synthesis of barley yellow dwarf virus subgenomic RNA1. Journal of Virology 73, 2876-2885.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Lai, M. M. & Cavanagh, D. ( 1997; ). The molecular biology of coronaviruses. Advances in Virus Research 48, 1-100.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Martin, R. R. & D’Arcy, C. J. ( 1990; ). Relationships among luteoviruses based on nucleic acid hybridization and serological studies. Intervirology 31, 23-30.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Miller, W. A., Dineshkumar, S. P. & Paul, C. P. ( 1995; ). Luteovirus gene expression. Critical Reviews in Plant Science 14, 179-211.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Paul, C. P., Barry, J. K., Dinesh-Kumar, S. P., Brault, V. & Miller, W. A. ( 2001; ). A sequence required for −1 ribosomal frameshifting located four kilobases downstream of the frameshift site. Journal of Molecular Biology 310, 987-99.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Prill, B., Maiss, E., Katul, L. & Casper, R. ( 1990; ). Nucleotide sequence of the bean leafroll luteovirus coat protein gene. Nucleic Acids Research 18, 5544.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Rathjen, J. P., Karageorgos, L. E., Habili, N., Waterhouse, P. M. & Symons, R. H. ( 1994; ). Soybean dwarf luteovirus contains the third variant genome type in the luteovirus group. Virology 198, 671-679.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Reddy, D. V. R., Murant, A. F., Duncan, G. H., Ansa, O. A., Demski, J. W. & Kuhn, C. W. ( 1985; ). Viruses associated with chlorotic rosette and green rosette diseases of groundnut in Nigeria. Annals of Applied Biology 107, 57-64.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Smith, G. R., Borg, Z., Lockhart, B. E. L., Braithwaite, K. S. & Gibbs, M. J. ( 2000; ). Sugarcane yellow leaf virus: a novel member of the Luteoviridae that probably arose by inter-species recombination. Journal of General Virology 81, 1865-1869.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Smith, H. G., Barker, I., Brewer, G., Stevens, M. & Hallsworth, P. B. ( 1996; ). Production and evaluation of monoclonal antibodies for the detection of beet mild yellowing luteovirus and related strains. European Journal of Plant Pathology 102, 163-169.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Smith, O. P., Hunst, P. L., Hewings, A. D., Stone, A. L., Tolin, S. A. & Damsteegt, V. D. ( 1991; ). Identification of dsRNAs associated with soybean dwarf virus-infected soybean. Phytopathology 81, 131-134.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Terauchi, H., Kanematsu, S., Honda, K., Mikoshiba, Y., Ishiguro, K. & Hidaka, S. ( 2001; ). Comparison of complete nucleotide sequences of genomic RNAs of four Soybean dwarf virus strains that differ in their vector specificity and symptom production. Archives of Virology 146, 1885-1898.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Terradot, L., Souchet, M., Tran, V. & Giblot Ducray-Bourdin, D. ( 2001; ). Analysis of a three-dimensional structure of Potato leafroll virus coat protein obtained by homology modeling. Virology 286, 72-82.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Thompson, J. D., Gibson, T. J., Plewniak, F., Jeanmougin, F. & Higgins, D. G. ( 1997; ). The CLUSTALX windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Research 25, 4876-4882.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  36. van den Heuvel, J. F., de Blank, C. M., Goldbach, R. W. & Peters, D. ( 1990; ). A characterization of epitopes on potato leafroll virus coat protein. Archives of Virology 115, 185-97.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Wang, S., Browning, K. S. & Miller, W. A. ( 1997; ). A viral sequence in the 3′-untranslated region mimics a 5′ cap in facilitating translation of uncapped mRNA. EMBO Journal 16, 4107-4116.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-83-7-1791
Loading
/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-83-7-1791
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error