1887

Abstract

RNA synthesis (genome replication and subgenomic mRNA transcription) directed by equine arteritis virus (EAV; family , order ) occurs on modified cytoplasmic membranes to which most viral replicase subunits localize. Remarkably, a fraction of non-structural protein 1 (nsp1), a protein essential for transcription but dispensable for genome replication, is present in the host cell nucleus, in particular during the earlier stages of infection. Expression of GFP-tagged fusion proteins revealed that nsp1 is actively imported into the nucleus. Although the signals responsible for nsp1 transport could not be identified, our studies revealed that another EAV protein with a partially nuclear localization, the nucleocapsid (N) protein, utilizes the CRM1-mediated nuclear export pathway. Inactivation of this pathway with the drug leptomycin B resulted in the unexpected and immediate nuclear retention of all N protein molecules, thus revealing that the protein shuttles between cytoplasm and nucleus before playing its role in cytoplasmic virus assembly.

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2002-04-01
2019-10-14
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