1887

Abstract

The Simbu serogroup of the genus , family contains 25 viruses. Previous serological studies provided important information regarding some but not all of the relationships among Simbu serogroup viruses. This report describes the nucleotide sequence determination of the nucleocapsid (N) gene of the small genomic segment of 14 Simbu serogroup viruses and partial nucleotide sequence determination of the G2 glycoprotein-coding region (encoded by the medium RNA segment) of 19 viruses. The overall phylogeny of the Simbu serogroup inferred from analyses of the N gene was similar to that inferred from analyses of the G2 protein-coding region. Both analyses revealed that the Simbu serogroup viruses have evolved into at least five major phylogenetic lineages. In general, these phylogenetic lineages were consistent with the previous serological data, but provided a more detailed understanding of the relatedness amongst many viruses. In comparison to previous phylogenetic studies on the California and Bunyamwera serogroups of the genus, the Simbu serogroup displays much larger genetic variation in the N gene (up to 40% amino acid sequence divergence).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-82-9-2173
2001-09-01
2020-04-03
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/jgv/82/9/0822173a.html?itemId=/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-82-9-2173&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Akashi H., Gay M., Ihara T., Bishop D. H. L.. 1984; Localized conserved regions of the S RNA gene product of Bunyaviruses are revealed by sequence analyses of Simbu serogroup Aino virus. Virus Research1:51–63
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Akashi H., Kaku Y., Kong X.-G., Pang H.. 1997a; Antigenic and genetic comparison of Japanese and Australian Simbu serogroup viruses: evidence for the recovery of natural virus reassortants. Virus Research50:205–213
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Akashi H., Kaku Y., Kong X.-G., Pang H.. 1997b; Sequence determination and phylogenetic analysis of the Akabane bunyavirus S RNA genome segment. Journal of General Virology78:2847–2851
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bowen M. D., Jackson A. O., Bruns T. D., Hacker D. L., Hardy J. L.. 1995; Determination and comparative analysis of the small RNA genomic sequences of California encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, Jerry Slough, Melao, Keystone and Trivittatus viruses ( Bunyaviridae , genus Bunyavirus , California serogroup). Journal of General Virology76:559–572
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Calisher C. H.. 1996; History, classification, and taxonomy of viruses in the family Bunyaviridae . In The Bunyaviridae pp1–17 Edited by Elliott R. M.. New York: Plenum Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Calisher C. H., Kokernot R. H., DeMoore J. F., Boyd K. R., Hayes J., Chappel W. A.. 1969; Arbovirus studies in the Ohio–Mississippi basin. 1964–1967; VI. Mermet: a Simbu group arbovirus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene18:779–788
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Casals J.. 1957; Viruses: the versatile parasites. I. The arthropod group of animal viruses. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences (series 2) 19219–235
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Causey O. R., Kemp G. E., Causey C. E., Lee V. H.. 1972; Isolation of Simbu group viruses in Ibadan, Nigeria 1964–1969, including the new types Sango, Shamonda, Sabo and Shuni. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology66:357–362
    [Google Scholar]
  9. David-West T. S.. 1972; World distribution and antigenic variation of Simbu arboviruses. Microbios5:213–217
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Devereux J., Haeberli P., Smithies O.. 1984; A comprehensive set of sequence analysis programs for the VAX. Nucleic Acids Research12:387–395
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dunn E. F., Pritlove D. C., Elliott R. M.. 1994; The S RNA genome segments of Batai, Cache Valley, Guaroa, Kairi, Lumbo, Main Drain and Northway bunyaviruses: sequence determination and analysis. Journal of General Virology75:597–608
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Elliott R. M.. 1985; Identification of nonstructural proteins encoded by viruses of Bunyamwera serogroup (family Bunyaviridae). Virology143:119–126
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Elliott R. M.. 1989; Nucleotide sequence analysis of the small (S) RNA segment of Bunyamwera virus, the prototype of the family Bunyaviridae. Journal of General Virology70:1281–1285
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Elliott R. M.. 1990; Molecular biology of Bunyaviridae . Journal of General Virology71:501–522
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Fazakerley J. K., Gonzales-Scarano F., Strickler J., Dietzschold B., Karush F., Nathanson N.. 1988; Organization of the middle RNA segment of snowshoe hare bunyavirus. Virology167:422–432
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Felsenstein J.. 1985; Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution39:783–791
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Fulhorst C. F., Bowen M. D., Hardy J. L., Eldridge B. F., Chiles R. E., Jackson A. O., Reeves W. C.. 1996; Geographic distribution and serologic and genomic characterization of Morro Bay virus, a newly recognized bunyavirus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene54:563–569
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Fuller F., Bishop D. H. L.. 1982; Identification of viral coded nonstructural polypeptides in bunyavirus infected cells. Journal of Virology41:643–648
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Gentsch J. R., Bishop D. H. L.. 1979; M viral RNA segment of bunyaviruses codes for two glycoproteins, G1 and G2. Journal of Virology30:767–770
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Gerbaud S., Pardigon N., Vialat P., Bouloy M.. 1992; Organization of Germiston bunyavirus M open reading frame and physicochemical properties of the envelope glycoproteins. Journal of General Virology73:2245–2254
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Gonzalez-Scarano F.. 1996; Pathogenesis of diseases caused by viruses of the Bunyavirus genus. In The Bunyaviridae pp227–251 Edited by Elliott R. M.. New York: Plenum Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Gonzalez-Scarano F., Endres M. J., Nathanson N.. 1991; Pathogenesis . In Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology pp27–78 Edited by Kolakofsky D.. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag;
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Huang C., Shope R. E., Spargo B., Campbell W. P.. 1996; The S RNA genomic sequences of Inkoo, San Angelo, Serra do Navio, South River, and Tahyna bunyaviruses. Journal of General Virology77:1761–1768
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Jin H., Elliott R. M.. 1991; Expression of functional Bunyamwera virus L protein by recombinant vaccinia virus. Journal of Virology65:4182
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Jin H., Elliott R. M.. 1992; Mutagenesis of the L protein encoded by Bunyamwera virus and production of monospecific antibodies. Journal of General Virology73:2235–2244
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Kimura M.. 1980; A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitution through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution16:111–120
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kinney R. M., Calisher C. H.. 1981; Antigenic relationships among Simbu serogroup ( Bunyaviridae ) viruses. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene30:1307–1318
    [Google Scholar]
  28. LeDuc J. W., Pinheiro F. P.. 1989; Oropouche fever. In The Arboviruses. Epidemiology and Ecology pp1–14 Edited by Monath T. P.. Boca Raton: CRC Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Ni H., Barrett A. D. T.. 1995; Nucleotide and deduced amino acid differences of the structural protein genes of Japanese encephalitis virus from different geographical locations. Journal of General Virology76:401–407
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Pinheiro F. P., Travassos da Rosa A. P. A., Vasconcelos P. F. C.. 1998; An overview of Oropouche fever epidemics in Brazil and neighbouring countries. In An Overview of Arbovirology in Brazil and Neighbouring Countries pp186–192 Edited by Travassos da Rosa A. P. A., Vasconcelos P. F. C., Travassos da Rosa J. F. S.. Belem, Brazil: Instituto Evandro Chagas;
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Reeves W. C., Scrivani R. P., Hardy J. L., Roberts D. R., Nelson R. L.. 1970; Buttonwillow virus, a new arbovirus isolated from mammals and Culicoides midges in Kern County, California. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene19:544–551
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Saeed M. F., Wang H., Nunes M., Vasconcelos P. F. C., Weaver S. C., Shope R. E., Watts D. M., Tesh R. B., Barrett A. D. T.. 2000; Nucleotide sequences and phylogeny of the nucleocapsid gene of Oropouche virus. Journal of General Virology81:743–748
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Saeed M. F., Wang H., Suderman M., Beasley D. W., Travassos da Rosa A., Li L., Shope R. E., Tesh R. B., Barrett A. D. T.. 2001; Jatobal virus is a reassortant containing the small RNA of Oropouche virus. Virus Research77:25–30
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Saitou N., Nei M.. 1987; The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution4:406–425
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Schmaljohn C. S.. 1996; Bunyaviridae : the viruses and their replication. In Fields Virology pp1447–1471 Edited by Fields B. N., Knipe D. M., Howley P. M. Philadelphia: Lippincott–Raven Publishers;
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Swofford D. L.. 1999; PAUP*: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (and other methods), version 4 Sunderland, MA, USA: Sinauer Associates;
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Takahashi K., Oya A., Okada T., Matsuo R., Kuma M., Noguchi H.. 1968; Aino virus, a new member of Simbu group of arboviruses from mosquitoes in Japan. Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology21:95–101
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Tesh R. B.. 1994; The emerging epidemiology of Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever and Oropouche fever in tropical South America. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences740:129–137
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-82-9-2173
Loading
/content/journal/jgv/10.1099/0022-1317-82-9-2173
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error