1887

Abstract

Human astroviruses are an important cause of gastroenteritis. As part of a molecular epidemiological study carried out in Mexico a human astrovirus isolate, Yuc-8, was adapted to grow in CaCo-2 cells, and its entire genome was sequenced. A 15 amino acid deletion in ORF1a, which has been associated with adaptation of astroviruses to grow in cells other than CaCo-2, was present in Yuc-8. Comparative sequence analysis of the Yuc-8 ORF2 with reported human astrovirus sequences revealed that this isolate belongs to genotype (serotype) 8. Two distinct domains in ORF2 were observed: an amino-terminal domain (residues 1 to 415), with identities higher than 81% among the strains analysed, and a carboxy-terminal domain (residues 416 to 782) with identities between 36 and 60%. Two non-superimposable phylogenetic trees were generated by separate analysis of these two domains, suggesting that a differential selective pressure is exerted along the structural polyprotein.

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2000-12-01
2020-07-09
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