1887

Abstract

nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) DNA polymerase was purified from virus-infected cells using conventional chromatographic methods. The enzymatic activity of fractions eluting from single-stranded agarose gels was found to exactly coincide with a single polypeptide with an apparent molecular mass of approximately 110000 Da on denaturing polyacrylamide gels stained with Coomassie blue. This purification scheme resulted in a 228-fold purification of AcMNPV DNA polymerase with recovery of 3·5% of the initial activity. The specific activity of the most purified fraction of DNA polymerase was 5000 units/mg, which is sufficiently high to eliminate the possibility that contaminants significantly contribute to the polymerase activity. Preparations of purified DNA polymerase had 3′–5′ exonuclease activity, but no 5′–3′ exonuclease activity. The proofreading activity was apparently an intrinsic property of the enzyme as the ratio of nuclease activity to polymerase activity was constant throughout purification. Using a singly-primed M13 DNA template, RF-II DNA was detected within 3 min, indicating a polymerization rate of 40 nt/s. The effects of several DNA polymerase inhibitors on the enzymatic activity of purified DNA polymerase were also determined.

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1999-09-01
2019-10-22
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