1887

Abstract

BALF2, which encodes the major DNA-binding protein of Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), is expressed during the early stage of the lytic cycle. The location of the BALF2 promoter was identified by primer extension, which indicated that the transcription start is located at nucleotide 164,782 of the EBV genome. Transfection analyses revealed that, similar to other EBV early promoters, the BALF2 promoter is activated by the EBV-encoded transcription factors Rta and Zta. The promoter is also synergistically activated if both transcription factors are present in B lymphocytes and in epithelial cells. Deletion analysis and electrophoretic mobility-shift assay revealed that the region between nucleotides −134 and −64 contains Zta- response elements and the region between nucleotides −287 and −254 contains Rta-response elements. This study demonstrates the importance of Rta and Zta in regulating the transcription of EBV early genes.

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1999-10-01
2020-01-19
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