The open reading frames encoding bovine interleukin 2 (boIL-2) and bovine interleukin 4 (boIL-4) were integrated into the unique short segment of the genome of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) and expressed under control of the murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) immediate-early 1 (ie1) enhancer-promoter element or the MCMV early 1 (e1) promoter. Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells infected with the recombinant viruses secreted boIL-2 or boIL-4 into the culture medium. Secretion was inhibited by the presence of brefeldin A during the infection, indicating that export from the cells was dependent on a functional Golgi apparatus. Treatment of the secreted interleukins with -glycosidase F reduced the apparent molecular mass of recombinant BHV-1-expressed boIL-2 from 22 kDa to 16 kDa and that of boIL-4 from 20 kDa to 13 kDa, which demonstrated that both cytokines contain -linked oligosaccharides. Digestion with neuraminidase and -glycosidase had no detectable effect on the apparent molecular masses, suggesting that BHV-1-expressed boIL-2 and boIL-4 are not, or only slightly, -glycosylated. experiments demonstrated the biological activity of recombinant BHV-1-expressed boIL-2 and boIL-4 by their ability to maintain the proliferation of bovine 4325 T cells and activated bovine B cells, respectively. In conclusion, we show that boIL-2 and boIL-4 are secreted from recombinant BHV-1-infected cells as biologically active glycoproteins.


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