The genome of maize streak virus (MSV) consists of one molecule of circular, single-stranded DNA of 2·7 kb. A reporter gene () coding for phosphinothricin acetyltransferase was inserted into the small non-coding region of the MSV genome. The recombinant -containing MSV vectors were introduced into maize seedlings via agroinfection. The chimeric viral DNA was found to replicate to high copy numbers in maize leaves resistant to the application of the herbicide Basta. This establishes the usefulness of MSV as an efficient replicating vector in cells of maize plants.


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