A modified hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen, the SA-28 protein, was constructed and expressed by recombinant vaccinia virus in mammalian cells. This protein was composed of a PreS1 region-derived peptide (amino acids 21 to 47) that contained the hepatocyte receptor-binding site, joined to the C terminus of the major S protein at amino acid position 223. This modified surface antigen could be efficiently assembled into particles with a density of 1.23 g/ml and could be secreted from several mammalian cell lines. The results of immunoprecipitation revealed that the SA-28 protein was recognized by both the anti-S protein antibody and the anti-PreS1 antibody. A strong antibody response, against both the S protein and PreS1 epitopes, was induced in BALB/c mice immunized by the SA-28 particles, indicating good immunogenicity. These results suggested that the HBV surface antigen consisting of the SA-28 protein could be a promising candidate as a new HBV vaccine with higher efficacy.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error