Glutamine depletion strongly inhibits the replication of Rauscher murine leukaemia retrovirus (RLV) . glutaminase-asparaginase (PGA), capable of depleting glutamine and asparagine for prolonged periods, was used to determine the therapeutic effectiveness of glutamine depletion in mice infected with RLV or Friend virus. During PGA treatment of viraemic animals, serum reverse transcriptase activity fell to control levels and infected animals did not develop splenomegaly. The therapeutic results obtained with PGA compared favourably with those of azidothymidine given intraperitoneally at 30 mg/kg/day. Western blots performed on splenic tissue from control and treated animals indicated that glutamine depletion prevented readthrough of an amber codon at the junction, stopping translation of viral mRNA at that point. Treatment of RLV-infected animals with PGA resulted in nearly a 200% increase in mean survival time even when therapy was initiated late in the course of the disease. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration that a nutrient required for viral replication can be enzymically depleted to inhibit viral replication.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error