Cytomegalovirus (CMV) encodes several glycoproteins reported to be structural homologues of glycoproteins encoded by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). To map the antigenic and functional domains on the 907 amino acid CMV glycoprotein B (gB), we cloned and expressed a subfragment of HI fragment R of the CMV (Towne) genome into an expression vector and reacted the resulting gene product with a panel of monoclonal antibodies. Our results showed that the DNA fragment encodes related glycoproteins which we previously designated gA and which others have reported to be homologous to HSV-1 gB in CMV (AD169). Analyses of the processing of CMV gB transiently expressed in eukaryotic cells showed that glycosylation occurred independently of viral infection. Ten antibodies with complement-dependent and independent neutralizing activity reacted with a truncated derivative of gB that contained 619 amino-terminal residues but lacked the transmembrane and intracellular regions of the molecule. Twelve additional antibodies reacted with a CHO cell line expressing a 680 amino-terminal derivative of gB. All of the reactive antibodies precipitated the 447 residue carboxy-terminal cleavage product of gB from extracts of CMV-infected cells. These results showed that the neutralizing epitopes map in at least two domains of gB which are located in a discontinuous segment of 219 amino acids between residues 461 and 680 from the amino terminus of the molecule.

Keyword(s): CMV , epitope mapping and glycoprotein B

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