In this study we show that vaccinia virus replication can be sensitive or resistant to interferon (IFN) in the same strain of mouse L cells. When IFN-treated L cells were maintained in suspension culture, infection led to a rapid inhibition of both viral and cellular protein synthesis together with breakdown of viral RNA and of rRNA. When IFN-treated L cells were maintained in monolayer culture, infection did not lead to significant inhibition of viral protein or RNA synthesis and breakdown of viral or of rRNA was not observed. The resistance of vaccinia virus replication to IFN was not dependent on the input multiplicity or state of growth of the cells (actively dividing or resting). Qualitative and quantitative differences in viral transcription and translation were observed between the two virus-cell systems. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the sensitivity or resistance of vaccinia virus to IFN is mediated by specific viral products that act as activators or selective inhibitors of, at least, the dsRNA-dependent ppp(A2′p)A synthetase/RNase system.

Keyword(s): gene expression , IFN and vaccinia virus

Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error