Four nucleoside analogues, 1-(2′-deoxy-2′-fluoro-β--arabinofuranosyl)-5-methyluracil(FMAU), -5-iodouracil (FIAU), -5-methylcytosine (FMAC) and -5-iodocytosine (FIAC), were studied for their effect on human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) replication . FMAU, FIAU, FMAC and FIAC showed antiviral activities for four strains of HCMV (Major, Clegg, D and Towne) in a plaque reduction asssay, with a dose required for 50% inhibition (ED) in the range of 0.1 to 0.65 µ. At a concentration of 1 µ-FMAU or -FIAC, the synthesis of five virus-specific late polypeptides of molecular weights 150000, 120000, 67000, 54000 and 27000 was entirely blocked. Quantification of Towne viral DNA synthesis, using complementary RNA-DNA hybridization with a Towne-specific cRNA probe, demonstrated a complete inhibition of HCMV DNA replication at 1 µ of FMAU or FIAC. After the removal of the inhibitors, however, viral DNA synthesis resumed, and infectious virus reappeared, indicating that the inhibition of HCMV replication by these nucleoside analogues was of a virostatic reversible type.

Keyword(s): CMV , inhibition and nucleoside analogues

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