Mixed infection of MDCK cells with influenza A and influenza B viruses leads to a reduction in the rate of synthesis of haemagglutinin (HA) and nucleoprotein (NP) as compared to their rate of synthesis in cells separately infected with these viruses. The reduction is much stronger for influenza A virus proteins. The synthesis of the nonstructural NS1 protein of both viruses is relatively resistant to the heterotypic interference. The synthesis of virus-specific mRNAs exhibits the same pattern: the formation of the transcripts of HA and NP genes is much more drastically reduced than the synthesis of NS gene transcripts. The effect is strongly dependent on the multiplicity of infection and on the ratio of influenza A and B viruses in the inoculum. Primary transcription in the presence of cycloheximide is almost unchanged in doubly infected cells as compared to single infection, and no indication of differential inhibition has been observed. The results are discussed in connection with the mechanism of heterotypic interference and the regulation of influenza virus protein synthesis.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error