Introduction: Dalbavancin is a novel lipoglycopeptide antibiotic which provides gram positive cover including MRSA and enterococci for up to six weeks with two doses. We report the use of Dalbavancin at the Royal Sussex County Hospital in Brighton from 2018-2019.

Methods: Patients were given dalbavancin after approval by a consultant microbiologist on a case by case basis.

Results: 20 patients in total received dalbavancin during this time period. 11 out of 20 patients were male with a mean sample age of 54. 14 patients were ex or current IVDUs. The most frequent dose of dalbavancin given was 1.5g single dose in 11 out of 20 patients.

14 patients had a confirmed bacteraemia. There were 8 cases of MSSA, 1 case of MRSA, 1 CNS, 2 IGAS, 1 Group C Streptococcus and 2 Streptococcus dysgalactiae bacteraemias (one patient had 2 organisms identified in blood cultures). The commonest source of infection was skin and soft tissue, identified in 11 out of 20 patients.

Patients had received a median of 2 (range 1-5) different antibiotics prior to use of dalbavancin with a median course of 14 (range 1 – 27) days Abx prior to Dalbavancin. Patients were admitted for a mean of 15 days with a mean of 12 bed days saved per patient. There was one readmission during this time period which was due to a gram-negative sepsis.

Discussion:Given the challenges of managing severe infections in PWID, dalbavancin can be a “silver bullet” to facilitate effective treatment of important gram-positive pathogens.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

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