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Abstract

Background:

Paediatric antimicrobial stewardship (PAS) networks exist in the USA and Australia but not in the UK. We sought to capture a snapshot of the current PAS landscape across UK children’s hospitals.

Methods:

A survey of PAS activities was conducted in tertiary children’s hospitals.

Results:

Infectious disease or microbiology consultants responded to the survey (n=15). All hospitals had neonatal, paediatric intensive care and surgical patients.All centres provided a PAS education programme for doctors, 7 for nurses and 9 for pharmacists as well. All centres had empirical antimicrobial prescribing guidelines. All centres with a paediatric infectious diseases (PID) team (11/15) used “audit and feedback” rounds, although their frequency and coverage varied. The PAS teams mostly included a PID consultant and/or microbiology consultants and a pharmacist. Three centres also had a nurse covering also the paediatric out-patient antibiotic treatment programme. Funding for PAS were inconsistent: Great Ormond Street Hospital had secured a dedicated full-time paediatric microbiologist, antimicrobial pharmacist and PID consultant with a ratio of 1/453 in-patient beds. 9 centres did not have dedicated funding for a paediatric antimicrobial pharmacist, 7 did not have funding for a paediatric infectious disease consultant. Only 2 hospitals had microbiology consultant time for paediatric audit and feedback.

Conclusion:

PAS programmes in the UK are limited, funding is inconsistent and their set up is variable, even in tertiary children’s hospitals with a strong interest in infectious diseases. We propose a national PAS network to advocate for more consistency and research into the implementation of PAS programmes.

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/content/journal/acmi/10.1099/acmi.fis2019.po0078
2020-02-28
2020-06-04
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