Alternative gene splicing (AS) is a process by which a single gene can give rise to different protein isoforms, generating proteome diversity. Despite recent advances in our understanding of AS in basic cellular processes, the role of AS in drug resistance and fungal pathogenesis is poorly understood. In , approximately 6% of the genes contain introns. Considering this low and random distribution of introns, we focused our study on alternative splicing (AS) and its impact on the development of drug resistance, an area largely unexplored in this yeast. We performed comparative RNA sequencing of sequential isogenic azole sensitive and resistant isolates of . The analysis revealed differential expression of splice junctions/isoforms in 14 genes, between the drug sensitive and resistant isolates. Furthermore, WT cells exposed to antifungal drugs, heat stress or metal deficiency also showed differential expression of isoforms for the genes undergoing AS. In this study we present data on the effect of AS on the function of SOD3. The SOD3 has a single intron and is important for the removal of superoxide radicals. The overexpression of the two isoforms of SOD3 in its null background highlighted importance of spliced isoform in complementing the susceptibility to menadione. However, the two isoforms did not differ in rescuing the susceptibility of sod3Δ/Δto Amphotericin B. Collectively, these data suggest that AS may be a novel mechanism in for stress adaptation and overcoming drug resistance.

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