Amoebic Gill Disease (AGD) is a major problem in the aquaculture industry, as it is responsible for substantial losses of farmed Atlantic salmon in various worldwide locations. The disease is caused by the usually free-living Paramoeba perurans compromising the gills through the resulting development of hyperplastic lesions and lamellar fusion. These structural changes result in a reduction in the functional surface area of the gill tissues. Recent research has focused on identifying bacteria present within a culture of P. perurans, through performing isolation and identification of bacteria present in the cultures using 16S sequencing. Further NGS sequencing was performed from various culture conditions to provide insight into the changes of the bacterial microbiome during amoeba culture. As attempts to isolate the amoeba from the bacterial contamination has been unsuccessful, consideration into a possible symbiotic relationship between the amoeba and bacteria was considered. A filtering method was used to attempt to identify the genera of bacteria present within the amoeba. The isolation and 16S sequencing identified the presence of various marine bacteria, including those of the Pseudoalteromonas, Halomonas, Cellulophaga and Mesonia genera. The NGS sequencing identified a substantial proportion of sequences to match the Vibrio genus and suggests an association between this genus and the amoeba. If symbiotic relationships between specific bacteria and amoeba can be confirmed, the bacteria could potentially be used as an indicator organism for the risk of AGD outbreak. It may also provide an indirect target for the control and treatment of AGD.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error