Tick borne diseases (TBDs) have significant impact on the health and welfare of domestic animals and humans. There is extremely little data on the prevalence of tick species, TBDs or their impact in Nigeria. Nigeria’s scenario is further worsened by lack of basic diagnostic facilities and treatment, compared with the average person’s income. The multiple climate zones and animal husbandry practices in Nigeria also make it difficult to extrapolate studies from one zone to the other five geopolitical zones. TBDs reported in Nigerian dogs include Anaplasma species. (A. platys A. omatnenne), Babesia species (B. rossi, B. canis and B. gibsoni), Theileria species. (T. equi, T. sable), Ehrlichia sp. (E. canis, E. ruminantum), Hepatozoon species (H. canis) and Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis. The prevalence of zoonotic pathogens of dogs such as Borrelia sp., in humans in West Africa also indicates that these are likely to present in dogs in Nigeria. This main study aim is to identify ticks taken from dogs in Nigeria using morphological and molecular methods, determine which host species the ticks have fed on, and identify pathogens that they are carrying. It also aims to compare molecular and point of care diagnostics for TBDs in blood from Nigerian dogs. The overall objective is to provide robust data on which tick species and TBDs are present in Nigerian dogs and the potential zoonotic or epizootic risk.

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