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Abstract

. Dengue is an emerging arboviral disease caused by dengue virus (DENV). DENV belongs to the family and genus . No specific anti-DENV drugs are currently available.

. We investigated the antiviral activity of Brefeldin A (BFA) and Cytochalasin B (CB) against this infection. The drugs BFA and CB were used in the treatment of dengue-2 virus (DENV-2) infections in Vero cell cultures and in protection from lethality by post-challenge administration in Swiss mice. Viral load was quantified by qRT-PCR and plaque assay in Vero cell cultures, post-infection, treated or not with the drugs. Post-challenge drug levels were evaluated by survival analysis.

. Our results indicate that doses of 5 µg ml of BFA and 10 µg ml of CB are not toxic to the cells and induce a statistically significant inhibition of DENV-2 replication in Vero cells when compared to control. No BFA- or CB-treated mice survived the challenge with DENV-2.

. These data suggest that BFA and CB have an antiviral action against DENV-2 replication in Vero cell culture, but do not alter infected mice mortality.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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2019-08-01
2022-01-18
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