1887

Abstract

Introduction:

Campylobacters are the most frequently identified bacteria causing diarrhoea in humans worldwide. was isolated for the first time in 2000 from faecal samples of two asymptomatic abattoir workers in Switzerland during a routine hygiene screen, but has never been associated with human disease.

Case presentation:

At hospital admission, the patient reported diarrhoea, lower abdominal cramps, nausea, one episode of bilious vomiting and low-grade fever of 38 °C. The patient was having 10 or more diarrheic stools per day as well as during the night, and had noticed blood mixed with the stools on several occasions. Stool cultures were negative for species of and , O157:H7 and , but were positive for . Identification was made by classical biochemical testing, as well as 16S rRNA gene and sequencing. The patient slowly improved without antibiotic treatment and was discharged nine days after admission with complete resolution of symptoms.

Conclusion:

On the whole it seems very likely that was the causative agent. Clinical microbiologists should be aware of this micro-organism which can be identified by phenotypic and molecular methods. The real burden of infection in humans might be underestimated and should be further investigated as a potential cause of human diarrhoea disease.

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2016-06-28
2019-10-21
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