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Abstract

Introduction:

Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB) is an emerging fungal infection with a few cases reported worldwide. It is caused by , which does not usually invade blood vessels and rarely disseminates.

Case presentation:

We present a rare case of GIB with hepatic dissemination in a 12‐year‐old Yemeni boy living in southwestern Saudi Arabia. The initial provisional diagnosis was intestinal lymphoma, and a right hemicolectomy was carried out, but histopathological assessment ruled out lymphoma and suggested intestinal tuberculosis. Two weeks after starting antituberculous medications, the patient was referred to our hospital because of fever and right upper abdominal discomfort. There was leukocytosis with marked eosinophilia, and a liver biopsy showed evidence of infection. A second opinion by histopathological examination of resected tissues diagnosed colonic basidiobolomycosis. The patient was treated successfully with itraconazole.

Conclusion:

GIB is an emerging disease in southwestern Saudi Arabia and should be considered in a patient with an abdominal mass and eosinophilia coming from this region. Persistent elevation of leukocytes and eosinophils after surgical resection of the affected tissue could be used as a predictor of fungal dissemination. Further research is needed for a better understanding of GIB.

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2014-12-01
2019-10-21
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