1887

Abstract

In this paper, the identification and functional analysis of a fatty acyl-CoA-binding protein (ACBP) gene from the opportunistic protist are described. The gene encodes a protein of 268 aa that is three times larger than typical ACBPs (i.e. ∼90 aa) of humans and animals. Sequence analysis indicated that the CpACBP1 protein consists of an N-terminal ACBP domain (∼90 aa) and a C-terminal ankyrin repeat sequence (∼170 aa). The entire ORF was engineered into a maltose-binding protein fusion system and expressed as a recombinant protein for functional analysis. Acyl-CoA-binding assays clearly revealed that the preferred binding substrate for CpACBP1 is palmitoyl-CoA. RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunolabelling analyses clearly showed that the gene is mainly expressed during the intracellular developmental stages and that the level increases during parasite development. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that CpACBP1 is associated with the parasitophorous vacuole membrane (PVM), which implies that this protein may be involved in lipid remodelling in the PVM, or in the transport of fatty acids across the membrane.

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2006-08-01
2020-07-05
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